Austin Burke - One Summer
Seashells, sand, sunshine and summer love -- it's all there in Austin Burke's new lyric video for his single "One Summer." Readers can press play above to watch the clip, premiering exclusively on The Boot.
Austin Burke - One Summer
"Everybody has that one summer / That one kiss / That one moment that goes something like this," Burke sings in the chorus of "One Summer," the lyrics of which tell the story of three friends enjoying one last summertime before college: "We knew we had to grow up / Didn't have to grow up yet," goes a line in the first verse, expressing a feeling that's familiar to pretty much everyone out there.
VEDANTAM: Twenty percent - among low-income kids, that number is even higher. They're getting tripped up somehow right at the finish line. Researchers call this phenomenon summer melt. For universities, it's long been a puzzling problem because these are the kids who made it. They took the SATs. They got good grades. They took AP classes. They did their extracurricular activities. They wrote their college essays. They've often applied for and received financial aid. Why wouldn't they show up at college?
VEDANTAM: Did you hear that? In some communities, 40 percent of college-bound kids don't go. And rates of summer melt are highest for kids from lower-income backgrounds, especially if their own parents didn't go through the college application process. Lindsay's colleague Ben Castleman says students without a lot of family support can find themselves at a disadvantage.
BEN CASTLEMAN: Students from middle- or upper-income backgrounds often have college-educated parents who are familiar with the process and can help guide them through it. If students are the first in their family to go to college, their parents may not have experience with or confidence in completing financial aid paperwork or completing the various tasks that colleges require of students. And at the same time, students often don't have access to professional help. Their high school counselors typically don't work during the summer. They've yet to engage with supports at their college. And so there's a wide range of complex tasks that students need to complete at a time when they often don't have access to support.
Depending on the institution, financial aid award letters are often hard to read and hard to digest even for college-educated people. And so for that student who doesn't have access to professional help, they may have a hard time separating out, how much am I getting in free money? How much am I going to have to pay back? Does this aid really cover the full cost of enrolling where I want to go to college? And so a month later when they get their tuition bill, the student may be surprised to find that they're going to have to send a check or in some way pay the college considerably more money or have to take out a considerably larger amount of loans than they realized, certainly, at the end of high school and maybe even at the start of summer.
CASTLEMAN: From when students enter kindergarten through when they graduate high school, we as a society invest hundreds of thousands of dollars in their academic success. For the students that we're focusing on, that investment has in many ways paid off in that they have applied to and been accepted to college, and they decide where to enroll, and they've graduated high school. By making a small additional investment during the summer to help students overcome those tasks, we can make good on the investment we've already made and continue students on the path to academic and professional success.
VEDANTAM: Scott was at a loss. The school could have hired more administrators to address all the challenges students faced over the summer. But to serve such a large body of students, it would've been very expensive. They tried emailing the students with reminders, but that didn't fix the problem.
BURKE: For fall of 2015, we had 3,400 students enroll. For fall 2016, We had over 3,700 students. So that meant 300 more students than we had the year before. And we reduced our summer melt from 18 percent down to 14 percent.
VEDANTAM: The researchers Lindsay Page and Ben Castleman think that small interventions like this - relatively cheap and simple to pull off - could make a difference for some of the kids who aren't making it through that critical summer window.
VEDANTAM: But Ben Castleman and Lindsay Page have found in their research that some of the interventions intended to diminish summer melt might actually help students once they are in college. They teach students how to solve problems, navigate challenges.
The reason that kids drop off in the summer between high school and college is not because of any one big problem. It's a hundred little obstacles, like pebbles in your shoe. A financial aid form that requires a parent's signature - easy enough, unless you have a parent who is sick or absent. A document asking students to make a decision about financial aid - easy enough if you have parents or a guidance counselor who can help. An important deadline - not hard to make unless you find yourself in a rural area without a car. Our society doesn't like these kinds of problems. But often, the difference between success and failure comes down to finding ways to remove each pebble from your shoe, often with small and unglamorous solutions like a chatbot. No one might win an award for it, but it can spell the difference between getting most of the way to a goal and crossing the finish line.
What kind of pro bono do you do and how long have you been doing it? I have been doing pro bono work since August 2018. I have participated in the Bexar County Guardianship Program where I conducted court-mandated home-monitoring visits for wards of the state. I spent one summer working with a probate attorney for will probates and administrations. I have participated in the Volunteer Income Tax Assistance Program to assist low-income individuals prepare and file their income tax returns. I volunteer at a monthly veterans clinic that focuses on providing legal services to veterans on issues ranging from housing, family law, and public benefits to general litigation matters. I volunteer at a monthly wills clinic that prepares and executes simple wills and ancillary documents for low-income individuals.
Under an ambitious new program, Boalt Hall is offering $4,000 fellowships to every continuing law student at the school who wants to pursue public interest or public service work this summer. The recently announced Boalt Public Interest/Public Service Summer Fellowship Program fosters the longstanding tradition of public engagement by Boalt students while responding to a need for fellowship support. Law students typically receive no salary for summer work and projects in public interest and public service law.
The chief requirement for obtaining a fellowship is to demonstrate a commitment to public interest/public service work during the school year. For students interested in a second summer, Boalt is offering a number of competitive fellowships, and is working to expand a forgivable loan program for students who become public interest or public service lawyers.
In April 1983, George Jennings went to some mining claims near Petersville hoping to find work. At the site, Jennings found lapsed stakes and location notices. The notices had been posted by the Bird Creek Mining Company, a business owned by Earl Ray and David Tallman. Jennings spent most of the summer on the claim and decided to locate the claim if no one else claimed the site by the end of summer.
Jennings returned to the claim from April to July 1984. During the summer of 1985, Jennings stayed at a nearby camp located below the staked claims. In 1986, Jennings again spent some time on the claim.
Mobley also testified that he and his family worked on the claims during the summer of 1983. Mobley filed a 1983 annual affidavit of labor. During the summer of 1984, Mobley claimed that Clay Hunter and Dave Tallman worked the claim for him. Tallman filed a 1984 annual affidavit of labor.
 Specifically, the court did not believe that on January 3, 1983, Mobley posted the location notices at the claim and recorded the claims in Palmer. Nor did the court believe that Mobley and his family stayed at the claim during the summer of 1983. Instead, the court believed Jennings who stated that he spent the summer of 1983 on the claim and that he never saw Mobley or his family during that time.
Boy Scouting at the Oxford Orphanage has been carried on for a number of years and at the present time is under the splendid leadership of Professor J. Chandler Eakes. There have been a number of Eagle Scouts from our troop and regular meetings are held throughout the year. A full Scout program is promoted, including boys' camp during the summer.
Since the Oxford Orphanage is a Masonic institution, it is, therefore, inter-dominational. Spiritual training of our children is emphasized and various forms of religious activities are provided for our pupils. A daily assembly is held in each cottage, under the direction of the counselor. Chapel exercises are held at a regular time under the direction of the Principal of the school. Our larger boys and girls attend Sunday School in town with splendid results, in that they are receiving the training and are entering into practical activities of the church such as they will find when they go out in the world. The smaller boys and girls are trained in the Sunday School here on the grounds where our own workers serve as teachers and the whole Sunday School is departmentized and graded literature is used throughout. It is interesting to know that our Sunday School collections, for more than 10 years, among the pupils and workers, has amounted to over $1,000.00 and is sent regularly to the Shriners' Crippled Children's Hospital in Greenville, South Carolina. On Sunday evenings the Superintendent conducts services for various groups of children either in the chapel or for the entire Orphanage family on the lawn and under the trees in summer. Our children join the churches of the town and attend the church services according to the membership of their parents and it is a beautiful sight on a Sabbath morning to see our pupils finding their way to church and Sunday School much the same as children from the other homes of the community. 041b061a72